Dictionary Definition
mean adj
1 approximating the statistical norm or average
or expected value; "the average income in New England is below that
of the nation"; "of average height for his age"; "the mean annual
rainfall" [syn: average,
mean(a)]
2 characterized by malice; "a hateful thing to
do"; "in a mean mood" [syn: hateful]
3 having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or
morality; "that liberal obedience without which your army would be
a base rabble" Edmund Burke; "taking a mean advantage"; "chok'd
with ambition of the meaner sort" Shakespeare; "something
essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics" [syn: base, meanspirited]
4 excellent; "famous for a mean backhand"
5 marked by poverty befitting a beggar; "a
beggarly existence in the slums"; "a mean hut" [syn: beggarly]
6 used of persons or behavior; characterized by
or indicative of lack of generosity; "a mean person"; "he left a
miserly tip" [syn: mingy,
miserly, tight]
7 used of sums of money; so small in amount as to
deserve contempt [syn: beggarly] n : an average of n
numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and
dividing by some function of n [syn: mean
value]
Verb
1 mean or intend to express or convey; "You never
understand what I mean!"; "what do his words intend?" [syn:
intend]
2 have as a logical consequence; "The water
shortage means that we have to stop taking long showers" [syn:
entail, imply]
3 denote or connote; "`maison' means `house' in
French"; "An example sentence would show what this word means"
[syn: intend, signify, stand
for]
4 have in mind as a purpose; "I mean no harm"; "I
only meant to help you"; "She didn't think to harm me"; "We thought
to return early that night" [syn: intend, think]
5 have a specified degree of importance; "My
exhusband means nothing to me"; "Happiness means everything"
6 intend to refer to; "I'm thinking of good food
when I talk about France"; "Yes, I meant you when I complained
about people who gossip!" [syn: think of,
have
in mind]
7 destine or designate for a certain purpose;
"These flowers were meant for you" [also: meant]
User Contributed Dictionary

 See also: means
English
Pronunciation
 /miːn/
 /mi:n/

 Rhymes: iːn
Etymology 1
From mænan, "to mean", "to allude to". Confer Dutch menen, German meinen. Cognate with mind and German Minne, "love".Verb
 To convey, signify, or indicate.
 What does this hieroglyph mean?
 The sky is red this morning—does that mean we're in for a storm?
 To want or intend to convey.
 I'm afraid I don't understand what you mean.
 Say what you mean and mean what you say.
 To intend; to plan on doing.
 To have conviction in what one says.
 Does she really mean what she said to him last night?
 Say what you mean and mean what you say.
 To have intentions of a some kind.
 Don't be angry; she meant well.
 Someone's coming up. He means business.
 To result in; to
bring
about.
 One faltering step means certain death.
Usage notes
 In sense 3, this is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. See Appendix:English catenative verbs
Synonyms
Translations
convey, signify, indicate
 Danish: betyde
 Dutch: betekenen, willen zeggen
 Esperanto: voli diri, signifi
 Finnish: tarkoittaa, merkitä
 French: signifier
 German: bedeuten
 Italian: significare
 Japanese: 意味する (imisuru)
 Polish: znaczyć
 Portuguese: significar
 Romanian: a semnifica, indica
 Russian: значить, означать
 Spanish: significar
 Swedish: betyda, innebära
want or intend to convey
 Dutch: bedoelen
 Esperanto: intenci
 French: vouloir dire
 German: meinen, beabsichtigen
 Italian: voler dire
 Japanese: 意味する (imisuru)
 Portuguese: querer dizer
 Romanian: a vrea să spună
 Russian: иметь в виду (im'ét' v vidú)
 Spanish: querer decir
 Swedish: mena, syfta på
intend; plan on doing
 Dutch: willen doen, van plan zijn
 Esperanto: intenci
 Finnish: aikoa
 French: avoir l'intention de
 German: beabsichtigen
 Italian: volere, avere l'intenzione di
 Japanese: 意図する (いとする, itosuru), するつもり (surutsumori)
 Polish: chcieć
 Portuguese: tencionar, ter a intenção de
 Romanian: vrea, avea intenţia, gândi
 Spanish: pretender, intentar
 Swedish: tänka
have conviction in what one says
 Dutch: menen
 German: meinen
 Japanese: 意味する (imisuru)
 Portuguese: manter uma opinião, falar sério
 Romanian: am convingerea
 Spanish: decir en serio
 Swedish: mena
have intentions of a some kind
result in; bring about
 ttbc Indonesian: berarti, artinya, bermaksud, maksudnya
 ttbc Ido: signifikar
 ttbc Interlingua: voler dicer (1); significar (2); intender, haber le intention de (3); mantener un opinion (4)
Adjective
enadj er Causing or intending to cause intentional harm; bearing ill will towards
another; cruel; malicious.
 Watch out for her, she's mean. I said good morning to her, and she punched me in the nose.
 Miserly; stingy.
 He's so mean. I've never seen him spend so much as five pounds on presents for his children.
 Selfish; acting
without consideration of others; unkind.
 It was mean to steal the girl's piggy bank, but he just had to get uptown and he had no cash of his own.
 Powerful; fierce; harsh; damaging.
 It must have been a mean typhoon that levelled this town.
 Accomplished with great skill; deft; hard to compete with.
 Your mother can roll a mean cigarette.
 He hits a mean backhand.
 Low in quality; inferior.
Synonyms
 (causing or intending to cause intentional harm): cruel, malicious, nasty, spiteful
 (acting without consideration of others): selfish, unkind
 (powerful): damaging, fierce, harsh, strong
 (accomplished with great skill; deft; hard to compete with): deft, skilful (UK), skillful (US), topnotch
 (inferior): cheap, grotty (slang), inferior, lowquality, naff (UK slang), rough and ready, shoddy, tacky (informal'')
Translations
causing or intending to cause intentional harm
miserly, stingy
 Spanish: mezquino, tacaño
acting without consideration of others
 Dutch: gemeen
 Esperanto: kruela, malafabla
 German: gemein, böse
 Greek: κακός
 Japanese: 意地が悪い (ijigawarui), 意地悪 (ijiwaru)
 Kurdish:
 Portuguese: mau, ruim
 Russian: подлый (pódlyj)
 Spanish: desconsiderado , desconsiderada
 Swedish: gemen, usel
powerful; fierce; harsh; damaging
 Dutch: gemeen
 Greek: άγριος
 Japanese: 厄介な (yakkaina)
 Spanish: cruel
low in quality; inferior
 Dutch: minderwaardig, minderwaardige
 Esperanto: malbonkvalita
 French: inférieur, inférieure
 German: mittelmäßig
 Greek: άθλιος
 Italian: inferiore
 Japanese: 悪い (warui)
 Spanish: malo, mala, inferior
accomplished with great skill; deft; hard to
compete with
 Spanish: formidable
 ttbc Chinese: 卑鄙
 ttbc Indonesian: buruk hati, kikir, pemarah, ratarata
 ttbc Interlingua: mal, perverse, contemptibile (1); inferior (2); insuperabile, superior (3)
Adjective
 Having the mean (see noun below) as its value.
Translations
having the mean as its value
 Dutch: gemiddeld, gemiddelde
 Esperanto: meza
 Finnish: keski
 French: moyen
 German: Mittel
 Greek: μέσος, μέση, μέσο
 Interlingua: medie
 Italian: medio
 Japanese: 平均の (hēkinno), 平均的な (hēkintekina)
 Portuguese: médio
 Russian: средний
 Spanish: medio
 Swedish: genomsnittlig, medel
Noun
 The average, the arithmetic mean.
 Loosely, an intermediate value or range of values; a midvalue; a vague average.
 Any function of multiple variables that satisfies certain properties and yields a number representative of its arguments.
 Either of the two numbers in the middle of a proportion, as 2
and 3 in 1:2=3:6.
 1825, John Farrar, translator, An Elementary Treatise on
Arithmetic by Silvestre François Lacroix, third edition, page 102,
 ...if four numbers be in proportion, the product of the first and last, or of the two extremes, is equal to the product of the second and third, or of the two means.
 1999, Dawn B. Sova, How to Solve Word Problems in Geometry,
McGrawHill, ISBN 007134652X, page 85,
 Using the meansextremes property of proportions, you know that the product of the extremes equals the product of the means. The ratio t/4 = 5/2 can be rewritten as t:4 = 5:2, in which the extremes are t and 2, and the means are 4 and 5.
 2007, Carolyn C. Wheater, Homework Helpers: Geometry, Career
Press, ISBN 1564147215, page 99,
 In \frac=\frac23, the product of the means is 2\cdot27, and the product of the extremes is 18\cdot3. Both products are 54.
 1825, John Farrar, translator, An Elementary Treatise on
Arithmetic by Silvestre François Lacroix, third edition, page 102,
Derived terms
 arithmetic mean
 Cesàro mean
 Chisini mean
 contraharmonic mean
 generalised fmean
 generalized fmean
 geometric mean
 harmonic mean
 Heronian mean
 Hölder mean
 logarithmic mean
 power mean
 quadratic mean
 quasiarithmetic mean
 root mean square
Translations
arithmetic mean
 Czech: aritmetický průměr
 Spanish: media
the statistical value
 Greek: μέσος όρος (mésos óros)
intermediate value
Extensive Definition
In statistics, mean has two
related meanings:
 the arithmetic mean (and is distinguished from the geometric mean or harmonic mean).
 the expected value of a random variable, which is also called the population mean.
It is sometimes stated that the 'mean' means
average. This is incorrect if "mean" is taken in the specific sense
of "arithmetic mean" as there are different types of averages: the
mean, median, and
mode.
For instance, average house prices almost always use the median
value for the average.
For a realvalued random
variable X, the mean is the expectation
of X. Note that not every probability
distribution has a defined mean (or variance); see the Cauchy
distribution for an example.
For a data set, the
mean is the sum of the observations divided by the number of
observations. The mean is often quoted along with the standard
deviation: the mean describes the central location of the data,
and the standard deviation describes the spread.
An alternative measure of dispersion is the mean
deviation, equivalent to the average absolute
deviation from the mean. It is less sensitive to outliers, but
less mathematically tractable.
As well as statistics, means are often used in
geometry and analysis; a wide range of means have been developed
for these purposes, which are not much used in statistics. These
are listed below.
Examples of means
Arithmetic mean
The arithmetic mean is the "standard" average, often simply called the "mean". \bar = \frac\cdot \sum_^n
The mean may often be confused with the median or mode.
The mean is the arithmetic average of a set of values, or
distribution; however, for skewed distributions, the mean
is not necessarily the same as the middle value (median), or the
most likely (mode). For example, mean income is skewed upwards by a
small number of people with very large incomes, so that the
majority have an income lower than the mean. By contrast, the
median income is the level at which half the population is below
and half is above. The mode income is the most likely income, and
favors the larger number of people with lower incomes. The median
or mode are often more intuitive measures of such data.
Nevertheless, many skewed distributions are best
described by their mean  such as the Exponential
and Poisson
distributions.
For example, the arithmetic mean of six values:
34, 27, 45, 55, 22, 34 is:
 \frac = \frac \approx 36.167.
Geometric mean
The geometric mean is an average that is useful for sets of positive numbers that are interpreted according to their product and not their sum (as is the case with the arithmetic mean). For example rates of growth. \bar = \left ( \prod_^n \right ) ^
For example, the geometric mean of six values:
34, 27, 45, 55, 22, 34 is:
 (34 \cdot 27 \cdot 45 \cdot 55 \cdot 22 \cdot 34)^ = 1,699,493,400^ = 34.545.
Harmonic mean
The harmonic mean is an average which is useful for sets of numbers which are defined in relation to some unit, for example speed (distance per unit of time). \bar = n \cdot \left ( \sum_^n \frac \right ) ^
For example, the harmonic mean of the six values:
34, 27, 45, 55, 22, and 34 is
 \frac = \frac \approx 33.0179836.
Generalized means
Power mean
The generalized mean, also known as the power mean or Hölder mean, is an abstraction of the quadratic, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means. It is defined for a set of n positive numbers xi by \bar(m) = \left ( \frac\cdot\sum_^n \right ) ^
By choosing the appropriate value for the
parameter m we get
fmean
This can be generalized further as the generalized fmean \bar = f^\left(\right)
and again a suitable choice of an invertible f
will give
Weighted arithmetic mean
The weighted arithmetic mean is used, if one wants to combine average values from samples of the same population with different sample sizes: \bar = \frac.
The weights w_i represent the bounds of the
partial sample. In other applications they represent a measure for
the reliability of the influence upon the mean by respective
values.
Truncated mean
Sometimes a set of numbers might contain outliers, i.e. a datum which is much lower or much higher than the others. Often, outliers are erroneous data caused by artifacts. In this case one can use a truncated mean. It involves discarding given parts of the data at the top or the bottom end, typically an equal amount at each end, and then taking the arithmetic mean of the remaining data. The number of values removed is indicated as a percentage of total number of values.Interquartile mean
The interquartile mean is a specific example of a truncated mean. It is simply the arithmetic mean after removing the lowest and the highest quarter of values. \bar = \sum_^
Mean of a function
In calculus, and especially multivariable calculus, the mean of a function is loosely defined as the average value of the function over its domain. In one variable, the mean of a function f(x) over the interval (a,b) is defined by \bar=\frac\int_a^bf(x)\,dx.
(See also mean
value theorem.) In several variables, the mean over a relatively
compact domain
U in a Euclidean
space is defined by
 \bar=\frac\int_U f.
This generalizes the arithmetic mean. On the
other hand, it is also possible to generalize the geometric mean to
functions by defining the geometric mean of f to be
 \exp\left(\frac\int_U \log f\right).
More generally, in measure
theory and probability
theory either sort of mean plays an important role. In this
context, Jensen's
inequality places sharp estimates on the relationship between
these two different notions of the mean of a function.
Mean of angles
Most of the usual means fail on circular
quantities, like angles,
daytimes, fractional
parts of real numbers.
For those quantities you need a
mean of circular quantities.
Other means
 Arithmeticgeometric mean
 Arithmeticharmonic mean
 Cesàro mean
 Chisini mean
 Contraharmonic mean
 Elementary symmetric mean
 Geometricharmonic mean
 Heinz mean
 Heronian mean
 Identric mean
 Least squares mean
 Lehmer mean
 Logarithmic mean
 Median
 Root mean square
 Stolarsky mean
 Weighted geometric mean
 Weighted harmonic mean
 Rényi's entropy (a generalized fmean)
Properties
The most general method for defining a mean or
average, y, takes any function of a list g(x_1, x_2, ..., x_n),
which is symmetric under permutation of the members of the list,
and equates it to the same function with the value of the mean
replacing each member of the list: g(x_1, x_2, ..., x_n) = g(y, y,
..., y). All means share some properties and additional properties
are shared by the most common means. Some of these properties are
collected here.
Weighted mean
A weighted mean M is a function which maps tuples
of positive numbers to a positive number
(\mathbb_^n\to\mathbb_).
 "Fixed point": M(1,1,\dots,1) = 1
 Homogenity: \forall\lambda\ \forall x\ M(\lambda\cdot x_1, \dots, \lambda\cdot x_n) = \lambda \cdot M(x_1, \dots, x_n)

 (using vector notation: \forall\lambda\ \forall x\ M(\lambda\cdot x) = \lambda \cdot M x )
 Monotony: \forall x\ \forall y\ (\forall i\ x_i \le y_i) \Rightarrow M x \le M y
It follows
 Boundedness: \forall x\ M x \in [\min x, \max x]
 Continuity: \lim_ M x = M y
 Sketch of a proof: Because \forall x\ \forall y\ \left(xy_\infty\le\varepsilon\cdot\min x \Rightarrow \forall i\ x_iy_i\le\varepsilon\cdot x_i\right) and M((1+\varepsilon)\cdot x) = (1+\varepsilon)\cdot M x it follows \forall x\ \forall \varepsilon>0\ \forall y\ xy_\infty\le\varepsilon\cdot\min x \Rightarrow MxMy\le\varepsilon.
 There are means, which are not differentiable. For instance, the maximum number of a tuple is considered a mean (as an extreme case of the power mean, or as a special case of a median), but is not differentiable.
 All means listed above, with the exception of most of the
Generalized
fmeans, satisfy the presented properties.
 If f is bijective, then the generalized fmean satisfies the fixed point property.
 If f is strictly monotonic, then the generalized fmean satisfy also the monotony property.
 In general a generalized fmean will miss homogenity.
The above properties imply techniques to
construct more complex means:
If C, M_1, \dots, M_m are weighted means, p is a
positive real number,
then A, B with
 \forall x\ A x = C(M_1 x, \dots, M_m x)
 \forall x\ B x = \sqrt[p]
Unweighted mean
Intuitively spoken, an unweighted mean is a
weighted mean with equal weights. Since our definition of weighted
mean above does not expose particular weights, equal weights must
be asserted by a different way. A different view on homogeneous
weighting is, that the inputs can be swapped without altering the
result.
Thus we define M being an unweighted mean if it
is a weighted mean and for each permutation \pi of inputs,
the result is the same. Let P be the set of permutations of
ntuples.
 Symmetry: \forall x\ \forall \pi\in P \ M x = M(\pi x)
Analogously to the weighted means, if C is a
weighted mean and M_1, \dots, M_m are unweighted means, p is a
positive real number,
then A, B with
 \forall x\ A x = C(M_1 x, \dots, M_m x)
 \forall x\ B x = \sqrt[p]
Convert unweighted mean to weighted mean
An unweighted mean can be turned into a weighted
mean by repeating elements. This connection can also be used to
state that a mean is the weighted version of an unweighted mean.
Say you have the unweighted mean M and weight the numbers by
natural numbers a_1,\dots,a_n. (If the numbers are rational,
then multiply them with the least
common denominator.) Then the corresponding weighted mean A is
obtained by
 A(x_1,\dots,x_n) = M(\underbrace_,x_2,\dots,x_,\underbrace_).
Means of tuples of different sizes
If a mean M is defined for tuples of several
sizes, then one also expects that the mean of a tuple is bounded by
the means of partitions. More precisely
 Given an arbitrary tuple x, which is partitioned into y_1, \dots, y_k, then it holds M x \in \mathrm(M y_1, \dots, M y_k). (See Convex hull)
Population and sample means
The mean of a normally distributed population has an expected value of μ, known as the population mean. The sample mean makes a good estimator of the population mean, as its expected value is the same as the population mean. The sample mean of a population is a random variable, not a constant, and consequently it will have its own distribution. For a random sample of n observations from a normally distributed population, the sample mean distribution is \bar \thicksim N\left\.
Often, since the population variance is an
unknown parameter, it is estimated by the mean sum of
squares, which changes the distribution of the sample mean from
a normal distribution to a Student's
t distribution with n − 1 degrees
of freedom.
Mathematics education
In many state and government curriculum standards, students are traditionally expected to learn either the meaning or formula for computing the mean by the fourth grade. However, in many standardsbased mathematics curricula, students are encouraged to invent their own methods, and may not be taught the traditional method. Reform based texts such as TERC in fact discourage teaching the traditional "add the numbers and divide by the number of items" method in favor of spending more time on the concept of median, which does not require division. However, mean can be computed with a simple fourfunction calculator, while median requires a computer. The same teacher guide devotes several pages on how to find the median of a set, which is judged to be simpler than finding the mean.See also
 Average, same as central tendency
 Descriptive statistics
 Kurtosis
 Median
 Mode (statistics)
 Summary statistics
 Law of averages
 Spherical mean
 For an independent identical distribution from the reals, the mean of a sample is an unbiased estimator for the mean of the population.
External links
 An easytofollow guide to understanding & calculating the mean
 Comparison between arithmetic and geometric mean of two numbers
mean in Danish: Gennemsnit
mean in German: Mittelwert
mean in Spanish: Promedio
mean in Esperanto: Averaĝo
mean in Persian: میانگین
mean in French: Moyenne
mean in Korean: 평균
mean in Italian: Media (statistica)
mean in Hebrew: ממוצע
mean in Dutch: Gemiddelde
mean in Japanese: 平均
mean in Lao: ຄ່າສະເຫຼ່ຍ
mean in Norwegian: Gjennomsnitt
mean in Polish: Średnia
mean in Portuguese: Média
mean in Russian: Среднее значение
mean in Slovenian: Srednja vrednost
mean in Sundanese: Mean
mean in Thai: มัชฌิม
mean in Finnish: Keskiluku
mean in Chinese: 平均数
Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words
Herculean, Lenten, Mickey Mouse, OK, Spartan, abject, abominable, absolutely, abstemious, abstruse, abysmal, acehigh, add up to,
affect, agency, agent, ailing, aim, aim at, allegorize, allude to,
amidships, apparatus, approach, arduous, argue, arrant, ascetic, aspire after, aspire
to, assets, assume, assuredly, at all events, at
any cost, atrocious,
attest, augur, austere, authoritarian, avenue, average, backing, bad, badtempered, baleful, banal, bangup, base, baseminded, baseborn, be after, be
construed as, be indicative of, be significant of, be symptomatic
of, bearish, beggarly, below the salt,
beneath contempt, bespeak, betoken, bigot, bigoted, bitchy, bonzer, borne, boss, brandish, breathe, bring forth, bring
forward, bring into view, bring out, bring to mind, bring to
notice, brutal, bully, bundle, but good, by all means,
by dint of, by means of, by no means, by way of, cankered, cantankerous, capital, carry, center, central, certainly, channel, characterize, cheap, cheesy, churlish, close, closed, coarse, cockney, common, commonplace, communicate, complex, compromise, connote, constricted, contemplate, contemptible, convey, cool, core, corking, count, course, crabbed, crackerjack, cramped, cranky, creedbound, critical, cross, crossgrained, cruel, crummy, crusty, cussed, dandy, dangle, deaf, deaf to reason, debased, declasse, deficient, definitely, degenerate, degraded, delicate, delicious, demanding, demonstrate, denominate, denote, depraved, design, designate, desire, despicable, destine, determine, develop, diameter, diaphragm, differentiate, difficile, difficult, dirty, disagreeable, disclose, disgraceful, disgusting, dismal, disobliging, display, divine, divulge, donsie, dramatize, dreary, drive at, ducky, dwarfed, dwarfish, effective, embody, enact, entail, equator, equatorial, equidistant, equipment, estate, evidence, evince, exacting, excellent, exceptional, excitable, execrable, exhibit, exiguous, expect, expose to view, express, fab, fair, fairish, fanatical, fashion, feisty, fence, finances, fine and dandy,
flagrant, flaunt, flourish, foreshadow, foretell, foretoken, formidable, fortune, foul, fourthclass, fractious, frugal, fulsome, funds, gaudy, gear, get across, get over,
gimcracky, give
evidence, give sign, give token, go for, golden mean, grave, great, groovy, gross, grudging, hack, hairy, half measures,
halfandhalf measures, halfway, halfway measures, happy
medium, harbor a design, hard, hardearned, hardfought,
harmful, hateful, have every intention,
have in mind, have in view, heart, heavy, heinous, herald, hidebound, highlight, hint, hint at, holdings, homely, hope, hostile, hot, huffish, huffy, humble, humblelooking,
humblevisaged, humblest, hunkydory, identify, ignoble, illtempered, illiberal, illuminate, imperfect, implicate, imply, import, impoverished, in any case,
in any event, in no way, inadequate, incarnate, incompetent, indicate, indifferent, indisposed, ineffectual, infer, inferior, inglorious, iniquitous, innocuous, insinuate, instrument, instrumentality,
instrumentation,
insufficient,
insular, intangibles, intend, intercurrent, interior, interjacent, intermediary, intermediate, intervenient, intervening, intimate, intricate, invidious, involve, irascible, irregular, irritable, jamup, jawbreaking, jejune, just dandy, keen, kernel, knotted, knotty, laborious, lean, least, limited, little, littleminded, low, lowclass, lowdown, lowgrade,
lowminded, lowquality, lowtest, lowborn, lowbred, lowest, lowliest, lowly, lumpen, machinery, make clear, make
plain, maladroit,
malefic, maleficent, malicious, malign, malignant, mangy, manifest, manner, mark, marvy, materialize, meager, mean, mean to say, meanminded,
meanspirited, means,
measly, medial, median, mediocre, mediterranean, medium, menial, mercenary, meretricious, mesial, mesne, method, mezzo, mid, middle, middle course, middle
ground, middle way, middleoftheroad, middlemost, middling, midland, midmost, midriff, midships, midst, midway, mind, mingy, ministry, miserable, miserly, mode, moderate, moderateness, moderation, modest, money, moneybags, monstrous, name, narrow, narrowhearted,
narrowminded, narrowsouled, narrowspirited, nasty, near, nearsighted, neat, nefarious, nest egg, neutral
ground, nifty, niggard, niggardly, no matter what, no
picnic, no way, nobby,
nonclerical,
norm, normal, not at all, not
comparable, not easy, not in it, note, noxious, nuclear, nucleus, obnoxious, odious, of course, okay, on no account, operose, ordinary, organ, ornery, out of it, out of sight,
paltry, par, parade, paraphernalia, parochial, parsimonious, pathetic, peachy, peachykeen,
pennypinching, penurious, perform, perverse, pesky, petty, pile, pinchpenny, pitiable, pitiful, plain, plan, plebeian, pocket, point indirectly to,
point to, poky, poor, portend, position, positively, possessions, prefigure, preindicate, presage, present, presign, presignal, presignify, presume, presuppose, pretypify, procedure, process, produce, project, proletarian, promise, property, propose, provincial, punk, puny, purblind, purport, purpose, purse, rank, refer to, represent, reptilian, reserves, resolve, resources, reveal, rigorous, ripping, roll out, rough, routine, rubbishy, rude, rugged, rum, rundown, sad, savings, scabby, scant, scanty, scrawny, scrimp, scrimpy, scrubby, scruffy, scrumptious, scummy, scurvy, scuzzy, secondbest,
secondclass, secondrate, seedy, servile, set, set forth, set with thorns,
severe, shabby, shabbygenteel, shoddy, shortsighted, show, show forth, signal, signify, simple, skilled, skimp, skimpy, slapup, slavish, sleazy, slender, slight, slim, small, smallminded, smashing, snappish, soso, solid, something else, sordid, sorry, sour, spare, sparing, specify, spell, spiffing, spiffy, spiny, spiteful, spleeny, splenetic, spotlight, squalid, stand for, standard, starvation, steep, stingy, stinted, stinting, straitened, straitlaced, strenuous, stuffy, stunning, stunted, submissive, subservient, subsistence, substance, suggest, support, suppose, surely, swell, symbolize, symptomatize, symptomize, system, tacky, take for granted, tatty, teachable, technique, testify, testy, thick, thick of things, thin, think, thirdclass, thirdestate,
thirdrate, thorny,
through, ticklish, tight, tightfisted, tightfisted, tinny, toilsome, token, tough, trashy, tricky, trot out, troublous, trumpery, twoforacent,
twoforapenny, twopenny, twopennyhalfpenny,
typify, ugly, unaccommodating,
uncatholic, uncharitable, unchivalrous, undignified, undistinguished,
unfold, ungenerous, ungenteel, unimportant, unkind, unliberal, unmentionable, unnourishing, unnutritious, unpleasant, unpretentious, unskillful, unwashed, uphill, using, usual, valueless, vehicle, vexatious, via, via media, vile, vulgar, waist, waistline, want, waspish, watered, watery, wave, way, ways, wealth, weigh, wherewithal, wicked, wish, without fail, wizard, wonderful, worthless, wretched, zone